Please note: Being listed here is not per se an endorsement of any particular site or email list. I have included annotations for those sites or lists that I am familiar with and strongly recommend.
Some children have problems with tracking, convergence, etc. - in other words, their eyes don't work together smoothly. These problems cannot be detected by the typical exam using an eye-chart, since they are not problems of acuity. To diagnose these problems, the child must be examined by a developmental optometrist. Dr. Nancy Torgerson, FCOVD, has a checklist of symptoms that suggest the need for a comprehensive eye exam at http://www.alderwoodvisiontherapy.com/vision_quiz.html#checklist
To read a great discussion of how vision problems affect reading, with
pictorial examples, go to this article "Vision and Reading". Be sure to
read both pages.
Visiontherapy.org has many useful links
The College of Optometrists in Vision Development (COVD) serves as the
certifying body for Doctors in Optometric Behavioral - Developmental Optometry.
Irlen Syndrome/Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome (SSS) is a controversial
diagnosis. Children with Irlen Syndrome find reading easier when they use
colored overlays. To learn more about this, go to
Overwhelmed by all the terminology and abbreviations? In addition to the
acronyms page at this site, there's an excellent
Dictionary for Parents of Children with Disabilities (in PDF format, you need
to read it) at
http://www.usd.edu/cd/dictionary/. It is also available as a website
(but may take a long time to load) at
"Children require guidance and sympathy far more than
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Meredith G. Warshaw